Blood thinners have been around for a long time. Without them, our blood's ability to clot can sometimes work against us.
Matt Breen, Reporting, "Dr. Artang congratulations with your recent presentation at the American College of Cardiology Annual meeting. Where was it and what was it about?"
Dr. Ramin Artang Mercy Cardiology says, "Thanks Matt. It was in Chicago this year. The American College of Cardiology meeting is considered the Oscars for Cardiologists where between 20-30,000 cardiologists from the United States and around the world gather every year and exchange their research and experience. It was a great honor for us from Sioux City, Iowa to be able to share our research with national and international colleagues about the advantages and disadvantages of the newer blood thinners that are coming into the market."
Matt Breen, Reporting, "Why would we need blood thinners in the first place?"
Dr. Ramin Artang Mercy Cardiology says, "To answer your question we need to go back and look at the circulation and vascular system of the body. It starts with the heart. The good oxygen rich blood travels through the arteries to all the organs and the used oxygen poor blood gets back to the heart through the veins, then travels through the lungs gets oxygen rich again and ready to go back to the organs. The same mechanism that is present that makes our blood clot once we get wounded that can save our lives and stop the bleeding, can occur inside the blood vessel and could stop the circulation and cause problems."
Matt Breen, Reporting, "Can you give us an example of what conditions are caused by this mechanism?"
Dr. Ramin Artang Mercy Cardiology says, "There are several well known and very common conditions. First one is the heart attack, that is sudden blockage of the heart arteries due to blood clot formation. The other one is stroke, and then comes blood clots in the legs and the lungs. A big part of what most hospitals and clinics deal with is due to these four very common conditions."
Matt Breen, Reporting, "And how can we prevent these to happen?"
Dr. Ramin Artang Mercy Cardiology says, "The heart attack and stroke are considered the arterial disease. In order to avoid them we need to have healthy life style, good control of the blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol and most importantly no smoking. The blood clot in the legs and the lungs are considered venous disease which is a slow flow system. You can avoid that by being physically active, avoid sitting still in the car or airplane for many hours and again no smoking."
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