Heart Health: High Blood Pressure - KTIV News 4 Sioux City IA: News, Weather and Sports

Heart Health: High Blood Pressure

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High blood pressure is a pretty common condition. But, it's still something you need to talk to your doctor about.

Matt Breen, Reporting, "What is high blood pressure?" Dr. Ramin Artang, Mercy Cardiology says, "By general definition if the upper number is above 140 or the lower number above 90 it is called hypertension or high blood pressure."

Matt Breen, Reporting, "What causes high blood pressure?" Dr. Ramin Artang, Mercy Cardiology says, "In about 90% of the cases there is no particular cause other than aging. It could run in the family if it happens in younger people. In about 10% of the patients there may be a particular cause and once you resolve the cause there is a chance that Hypertension can resolve. It can be blockage to the arteries to the kidneys, Thyroid disease, patients who are in constant pain or discomfort or stress of any reason."

Matt Breen, Reporting, "What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?" Dr. Ramin Artang, Mercy Cardiology says, "Most people would not have any symptoms at all and that is what is dangerous about this disease. Some may experience fatigue, shortness of breath with exertion and occasionally chest pain if the pressure is really high like 200 on the top number. A lot of people may experience headache once in a while which is not a big deal. But waking up with headaches of morning headaches are typical for high blood pressure."

Matt Breen, Reporting, "Why is it so bad?" Dr. Ramin Artang, Mercy Cardiology says, "High blood pressure is not good because it puts the vascular system of the body under stress. The higher pressure higher flow will accelerate the aging of the vessels and causes coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Beside that after diabetes it is the leading cause of kidney failure and eye disease."

Matt Breen, Reporting, "How do we treat it?" Dr. Ramin Artang, Mercy Cardiology says, "I like to divide the treatment in 2 portions. The patients responsibilities and the doctors. On the patient part, one of the most effective ways of improving the blood pressure is to exercise, then comes weight loss and healthy diet habits such as less salt, less caffeine particularly soda pops. From the doctors side there are several classes of medication that are effective most common ones are diuretics (water pills)."

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